Supreme Court orders allotment of disputed land in Ayodhya to Hindus
The Supreme Court on Saturday ruled that the disputed land in Ayodhya will be given to Hindus while Muslims will be given an alternative site to build a mosque.
The five-judge Supreme Court Bench comprising CJI Ranjan Gogoi, Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and Abdul Nazeer conducted the hearing on a day-to-day basis for 39 days.
All schools, colleges, educational institutions and training centres to remain closed in Uttar Pradesh from 9 November to 11 November, reported news agency ANI.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had tweeted on Friday night, “Whatever the verdict be from the Supreme Court on Ayodhya, it will not be victory or defeat for anyone. I appeal to my countrymen that our priority should to ensure that this verdict strengthens the great tradition of India’s peace, unity and compassion.”
Section 144 (prohibits an assembly of more than 4 people in an area) had been imposed in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Bengaluru Police Commissioner Bhaskar Rao too was quoted as saying, “We’ve made necessary deployments. Sec 144 CrPC (prohibits assembly of more than 4 people in an area)imposed in Bangalore from 7 am-12 midnight. Social media will be strictly monitored. Liquor shops will remain closed tomorrow.”
All private and government schools in Madhya Pradesh too will remain closed tomorrow.
After hearing the case for 39 days, the top court had concluded its hearing on 16 October.
The current dispute is over the 2.77 acres of land in Ayodhya where the Babri Masjid existed until 6 December 1992, when Hindu fanatics led by BJP leaders brought down the 16th-century heritage site. This had led to countrywide violence and the killing of hundreds of people, mostly Muslims.
The BJP has always made this an electoral issue and the party desperately wanted to exploit Hindu sentiments in this year’s Lok Sabha polls. However, the Supreme Court’s decision to go down the mediation route appears to have put paid to the saffron party’s electoral plans.
The Court had formed a mediation panel headed by former Supreme Court judge KMI Kalifulla, Art of Living founder Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and senior advocate Sriram Panchu. But, the panel failed to resolve the dispute amicably.
- SC orders that the disputed land must be given to Hindus. Centre to formulate a scheme within 3 months. Muslims must be given alternate land. A suitable plot of 5 acres must be granted to Sunni Waqf Board to set up a Mosque. The disputed land at Ayodhya must be given to a Board of Trustees for the construction of RamMandir. Centre to formulate scheme within three months. (Livelaw website)
- Demolition of mosque in 1992 was a violation of law, says Supreme Court
- Sunni Waqf Board has not been able to establish its claim of adverese possession as evidence shows that Hindus were not barred from entering the premises before 1857: Livelaw website
- No evidence was led in the suit by Ram Lalla to support the contention that the existence of mosque above remains of temple would vest rights on the plaintiffs, reports Livelaw website.
- It is clearly established that while Muslims offered prayer inside the inner courtyard while the same was done by Hindus in the outer courtyard: Supreme Court
- SC holds that the mosque was not abandoned; mere cessation of namaz by Muslims cannot lead to inference that mosque was abandoned and they lost possession. Muslims offered prayer inside the inner courtyard while the same was done by Hindus in the outer court yard. (Livelaw website)
- Both Hindu and Muslim witnesses indicate that Hindus and Muslims were offering prayers at the disputed site (BarandBench website)
- SC holds the suit by Sunni Waqf Board to be within limitation. The Board has authority to institute legal proceedings (Livelaw website)
- Hindus consider Ayodhya as birthplace of Lord Ram,they have religious sentiments,Muslims call it Babri mosque. Faith of Hindus that Lord Ram was born here is undisputed. Hindus have faith and belief that Lord Ram was born under the dome. Faith is a matter of individual belief. (ANI)
- Babri Masjid was not built on vacant land. The underlying structure was not of Islamic origin : SC holds based on ASI report (Livelaw website)
- SC says Archaeological Survey of India’s report cannot be brushed aside (Livelaw website)
- ASI refrained from recording a finding on whether mosque was built after demolishing a Hindu temple, Supreme Court observes. (BraandBench website)
- The claim of Nirmohi Akhara is only of management. Nirmohi Akhara is not a ‘Shabait’. Arguments were made on archaeology report. Archaeological Survey of India’s credentials are beyond doubt and its findings can’t be neglected (ANI)
- SC says suit filed by Nirmohi Akhara is barred by limitation: Supreme Court (Livelaw website)
- Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi while reading out judgment: This court must accept faith and accept belief of worshippers. Court should preserve balance. (ANI)
- We have dismissed the Single Leave Petition(SLP) filed by Shia Waqf Board challenging the order of 1946 Faizabad Court: CJI Gogoi (ANI)
- Babri mosque was built by Mir Baqi. It is inappropriate for the Court to get into area of theology. (ANI)